The effect of
a placebo on changing behavior or how one feels is usually temporary.
86) Freud believed
that the early years of life had little impact on a person’s behavior but that
a person’s inner life and conflicts determined psychological adjustment.
87) Freud called
catharsis the “royal road to the unconscious.”
psychology, as opposed to psychoanalytic theory, focuses on conscious
motivations and healthy functioning.
89) The use of a
hierarchy for systematic desensitization is founded on the operant conditioning
work of B. F. Skinner.
90) People need to
actually perform a behavior to learn through vicarious reinforcement.
91) The cognitive
model views the negative thoughts often present with depression to be a result
of disordered thinking.
92) There is no
single model of abnormal behavior that explains the nature and causes of all