News Media Bias
The media is a significant and influential aspect of American life. Millions of Americans watch television to get the latest news. They create ideas on certain subjects based on what they see, hear, and read in the media. The media’s involvement in politics is extremely essential since it has the ability to make or break a politician. They have the ability to demonize a candidate or make him or her likable (Hamborg et al 2019). The public’s interest in politics is influenced by mass media networks giving them what they want them to see. Even if a campaign has numerous concerns, the media will focus on the one they believe is the most essential, while other issues may be entirely disregarded.
Bias in the Media Since its inception, the media has prompted a plethora of variables while also conveying conflict and peace. Because it no longer provides entire records, they have influenced residents’ beliefs and political understanding. Their coverage has an impact on how Americans view the world and what they value most. The media should be monitored by both voters and legislators. Democracy necessitates residents’ knowledge in order for them to be able to make informed voting decisions.
The media can add to this process of information and education by delivering a neutral fact in both major events of the day. When reliable, the media can give American culture a more unified presence. News stories and the media bias comes from varied parts; however, the onus gets to be on the person interpreting news to understand what they are reading at any provided time inside their life. In truth, journalism has performed a pivotal function in shaping public opinion particularly in matters of conflict and peace between nations across countries as well as civil wars, conflicts or even violence in some areas within nations (Hamborg et al 2019).
The media and journalism have helped set up reliable and badly reliable news sites. An illustration of this would be Fox News or CNN, which are considered as left or right winged and dependable or not dependable depending on the viewer’s ideological beliefs. The media is also blamed for being biased as each outlet has its specific way of approaching information. For instance, “Time” has been recognized to favor whomever they predict will win an election while “Newsweek” is suspected to be favorable to Democrats (Gearhart et al 2020). The media are also said to be biased because they are owned by a group of people with a history and future motivation. It is by now acknowledged that media corruption is widespread if not universal and comes from various parts.
The business of journalism has changed a lot in the last few years. The traditional model of advertisers, distributors and consumers no longer exists. News outlets now interact with social media via Facebook, Twitter and other platforms to increase their audience by means of a blog post or through a tweet that gains attention. The fan base they build on social media also influences their ability to get advertising dollars which certainly influences content to be produced (Galpin, & Trenz, 2019). Companies are looking at information distribution as a way to expand into new markets or stay relevant in client’s minds by creating articles that include original content about interesting stories about newsworthy events and personalities
Progressive-liberal principles are a subset of liberal ideals that advocate for government control of private institutions to solve social problems. Conservative principles include prioritizing ideas and values over personal ambition, flaws, anxiety, and regret. It emphasizes the importance of individuals having the freedom to make their own decisions without being controlled by the government (Gearhart et al 2020). Liberal leanings are leaning toward the traditional view of a more active government, while conservative leanings are more focused on the power of the individual.
In terms of polarization, liberal media is more inclined to portray negativity towards conservatives and positive depictions of progressives who form a political majority. Conversely, conservative media tends to be more positive towards conservatives and negative about progressives who do not hold the same values as them. While both liberal and conservative media outlets have a slight bias in their reporting, both sides have been known to use sound bites from their opponents to make them look bad (Rindermann et al 2020). However, when it comes down to what side has the best points and arguments there is no definite answer as every situation is different from other situations.
Several obstacles and biases limit human values and form a barrier to change. A few are traditional pursuits, such as where women are not allowed to pursue higher education in some societies. It is not accepted by the media, and the media demonstrates that it is contrary to human values and should be removed by exposing reality and consequences. Protests inside the media against child marriage, child labor, religious discrimination, and social inequality are all violations of human rights that must be addressed. Further, it declares that the societies are not tolerating these issues and they are responding to media reports which is showing the need to change. Society has become aware of the challenges and values that create barriers to change and media helps them in engaging other communities.
Media can influence people in many ways. For example, if a news reporter says there is a war going on at the moment, then people are more likely to believe this than if a person tells them about it. Media provides the public with information about world events which might be interesting, important and necessary. So people are only being made aware of the big news by media (Rindermann et al 2020). Articles by journalists have a level of authority. In fact, in many cases, one cannot find out important facts about a particular matter if it is not reported or written by a journalist.
Considering the case of ALF-CIO President Richard Trumka. The president has a history of committing human rights violations. This included incitements that resulted in persons being killed. However, the media ignored the news and did not cover the events as they unfolded. Instead, it reported after the news had been stopped at the request of Trumka. This did not give room for other people to pursue justice. The media has always presented Trumka as a saviour. It is his duty to represent workers’ rights but in this case, he has failed. This has raised concern of an evil and unjust leader (Galpin, & Trenz, 2019). The media should maintain their neutrality and establish themselves as having integrity in their work. The news is then manipulated, and the public is robbed of having access to a better quality of life.
Media can be influenced by social, technological and economic changes. The early media were in the hands of governments and this limited to what they could broadcast. This changed as the first technological advancements were made. Nowadays there are many forms of media which are open to public. This is done to keep some of the government’s wrongful actions from reaching the public (Rindermann et al 2020). They are restricted in terms of intimidation and a slew of chores when licensing. As a result, the public is denied the right to information, which is critical for a thriving country.
According to study, the majority of Americans citizens still have little trust in the media to convey accurate and timely news. This arose due to the decision by the president to ban some media houses from White house events. The main reason for this claim is that the president does not want any news that is not as favorable to his decisions.
Galpin, C., & Trenz, H. J. (2019). In the Shadow of Brexit: The 2019 European Parliament Elections as First‐Order Polity Elections?. The Political Quarterly, 90(4), 664-671.
Gearhart, S., Moe, A., & Zhang, B. (2020). Hostile media bias on social media: Testing the effect of user comments on perceptions of news bias and credibility. Human behavior and emerging technologies, 2(2), 140-148.
Hamborg, F., Donnay, K., & Gipp, B. (2019). Automated identification of media bias in news articles: an interdisciplinary literature review. International Journal on Digital Libraries, 20(4), 391-415.
Rindermann, H., Becker, D., & Coyle, T. R. (2020). Survey of expert opinion on intelligence: Intelligence research, experts’ background, controversial issues, and the media. Intelligence, 78, 101406.
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